Project management

Pages: 8 (1803 mots) Publié le: 16 février 2011
2/22/2010

Project Management

Lecture February 25, 2010

Prof. Dr. Christian Marxt© 2010

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Overview
• What is Project Management?
- What is a project? - Successful and failed projects - Critical success factors of PM

• Structure of the lecture
- Agenda - People - Administration

• The Case

- Content of the Case Study - Schedule - Deliverables

• Summary and OutlookProf. Dr. Christian Marxt© 2010

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What is a project?

Prof. Dr. Christian Marxt© 2010

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Working Definition “Project” I
• A project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product or service. Temporary means that the project has an end date. Unique means that the project's end result is different than the results of other functions of the organization.(en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project)
• A project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product or service (PMI, PMBOK)

Prof. Dr. Christian Marxt© 2010

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Working Definition “Project” II •Must make a distinction between terms:
- Program - an exceptionally large, long-range objective that is broken down into a set of projects - Task - set of activitiescomprising a project - Work Packages - division of tasks - Work Units - division of work packages

•A specific, finite task to be accomplished

Prof. Dr. Christian Marxt© 2010

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Characteristics of a Project •Have a supported purpose/importance •Performance specifications (form, fit, function) •Known (bounded) solution •Have a life cycle with finite due date •Interdependencies •Uniqueness•Resource requirements and tradeoffs •Stakeholder Conflict

Prof. Dr. Christian Marxt© 2010

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What is project management?

Prof. Dr. Christian Marxt© 2010

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Definition • Project Management:
- The science and art of solving a given problem within predetermined time and resource parameters. - “Shouldering just enough risk to escape with your career intact!!!”

Prof. Dr.Christian Marxt© 2010

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Phase Models
Project Project Initiation Initiation

Project Project Planning Planning

Project Project Start Start

Feedback Loops

Project Project Implementation Implementation

Project Project Completion Completion

Prof. Dr. Christian Marxt© 2010

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The Project Life Cycle
Definition Planning Implementation Delivery

Levelof effort
1. Goals 2. Specifications 3. Scope 4. Responsibilities 5. Teams

1. WBS 2. Budgets 3. Resources 4. Risks 5. Schedule

1. Status reports 2. Change Orders 3. Quality Audits 4. Contingencies

1. Train user 2. Transfer documents 3. Release resources 4. Reassign staff 5. Lessons learned

Source: Meredith/Mantel Project Management 2005 Prof. Dr. Christian Marxt© 2010

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Example of a Activity-on-Node with Critical Path

Source: Meredith/Mantel Project Management 2005 Prof. Dr. Christian Marxt© 2010

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Strategy, Programs, Projects Corporate strategy

Program n
Project 1 Project i Project n

Project phases Project phases Project phases
Prof. Dr. Christian Marxt© 2010

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Why is PM Important? •Traditional hierarchicalmanagement declining •Consensual management increasing •Increasing reliance on systems engineering •Projects integral to organizational strategy •Companies have experienced:
- Better customer relations - Shorter overall delivery times - Lower costs and higher profit margins - Higher quality and reliability - Higher worker morale

Prof. Dr. Christian Marxt© 2010

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Aspects of ProjectManagement

Source: Meredith/Mantel Project Management 2005 Prof. Dr. Christian Marxt© 2010

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Successful and Failed Projects

Prof. Dr. Christian Marxt© 2010

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Project Examples

Project Examples

Prof. Dr. Christian Marxt© 2010

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Projects in Companies
General Management Finance & Controlling Information Management & Technology...
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