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DI.CON-English-Arabic 3/29/05 2:17 PM Page 1

‰öI∑ßô« Êö´≈
WOØdO±_« …b∫∑L∞« ‹U¥ôu∞«



DI.CON-English-Arabic 3/29/05 2:17 PM Page 2

o encourage people everywhere to better understand and appreciate the principles of government that are set forth in America’s founding documents, the Cato Institute is pleased to publish this pocket edition of the Declaration ofIndependence and the Constitution of the United States of America. This preface has been prepared by Roger Pilon, director of Cato’s Center for Constitutional Studies. For more information about the Cato Institute, please see the end of this publication.

rN≠ oOI∫¢ vK´ ÊUJ± qØ w≠ ”UM∞« Y• q§« s± ozU£Ë w≠ XMK´√ w∑∞« W±uJ∫∞« ∆œU∂L∞ qC≠√ d¥bI¢Ë dA≤ v∞u∑¥ Ê√ u¢UØ bNF± dºO∞ t≤U≠ ,UØdO±√ fOßQ¢‰öI∑ßô« Êö´≈ s± Ác≥ …dOGB∞« VOπ∞« rπ• WF∂© .WOØdO±ô« …b∫∑L∞« ‹U¥ôu∞« ¸u∑ßœË ÂbÆ√ qO±“ u≥ Ë W±bIL∞« Ác≥ Êx¥ - d§Ë¸ b´« W¥¸u∑ßb∞« ‹Uß«¸bK∞ ÁeØd± d¥b± Ë u¢UØ bNFL∞




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In 1776, America’s Founders gathered in Philadelphia to draft the Declaration of Independence, which dissolved the political ties that had bound the American people toGreat Britain. A new nation was thus born, free and independent, the United States of America. Eleven years later, in 1787, after American patriots had won our independence on the battlefield, many of the men who had met earlier in Philadelphia, plus others, met there again to draft a plan for governing the new nation, the Constitution of the United States. In 1789, after the plan had beenratified, the new government was established. Together, the Declaration and the Constitution are America’s founding documents. As amended over the years, the Constitution is the supreme law of the land, the nation’s fundamental law. But the broad language of the Constitution is illuminated by the principles set forth in the Declaration. To better understand and appreciate the form of government we have,therefore, it is important to look first to the Declaration, where the Founders outlined their moral vision and the government it implied.

w≠ UØdO±_ ÊuºßRL∞« qz«Ë_« …UM∂∞« lL∑§« ,1776 ÂU´ w≠ q• Íc∞« ,‰öI∑ßô« Êö´≈ …œuº± l{u∞ UOH∞œöO≠ WM¥b± UO≤UD¥d∂° wØdO±_« VFA∞« ‹bÒOÆ w∑∞« WOßUOº∞« j°«Ëd∞« w≥Ë ô√ WKI∑º±Ë …d• ,…b¥b§ œö° ‹b∞ÔË «cJ≥Ë .vLEF∞« j∂C∞U°Ë ,U±U´ dA´ b•√ bF° .WOØdO±_« …b∫∑L∞« ‹U¥ôu∞«È¸UOG∞« ÊuOØdO±_« ÊuOM©u∞« oI• Ê√ bF°Ë ,1787 ÂU´ w≠ «u≤UØ s¥c∞« ‰U§d∞« s± «œb´ ÊS≠ ,WØdFL∞« ÷¸√ vK´ UM∞öI∑ß« ,s¥dî¬ v∞≈ W≠U{ùU° ,UOH∞œöO≠ ŸUL∑§« w≠ UI°Uß «uI∑∞« bÆ Ác≥ w≠ rJ∫K∞ WDî …œuº± l{u∞ Èdî√ …d± „UM≥ «uI∑∞« w≠Ë .…b∫∑L∞« ‹U¥ôu∞« ¸u∑ßœ …œuº± w≥Ë ô√ ,…b¥bπ∞« œö∂∞« .…b¥bπ∞« W±uJ∫∞« XºßQ¢ ,WDª∞« Ác≥ ¸«dÆ≈ bF° ,1789 ÂU´ UÒJÅ UL≥ )¸u∑ßb∞«Ë ‰öI∑ßô« Êö´≈( sO∑IO£u∞« U∑KØ bF¢Ë .UØdO±√ fOßQ¢ ”u±UM∞« d∂∑F¥uN≠ ,sOMº∞« d∂´ ¸u∑ßb∞« q¥bF¢ Èd§ bÆË ◊uDª∞« sJ∞Ë .W±ú∞ wßUß_« Êu≤UI∞«Ë ,œö∂∞« ÁcN∞ r≥_« ∆œU∂L∞« w≠ UI∂º± X∫Ò{ÔË bÆ X≤UØ ¸u∑ßbK∞ WC¥dF∞« rN≠ oOI∫¢ ÷dG∞Ë .‰öI∑ßô« Êö´≈ w≠ ‹œ¸Ë w∑∞« WOßUß_« ÚÊ√ rNL∞« s± tÒ≤√ U≤b§Ë bI≠ ,W±uJ∫∞« qJA∞ qC≠√ d¥bI¢Ë …UM∂∞« tO≠ e§Ë√ YO• ,‰öI∑ßô« Êö´≈ h≤ w≠ ôË√ q±Q∑≤ qJ® ‰u• WO∂ÆUML∞« WOÆöî_« rN¢«¸uB¢ qz«Ë_« ÊuºßRL∞« .W±uJ∫∞«



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Addressing “a candid World,” the Founders’ immediate aim in the Declaration was to justify their decision to declare independence. Toward that end they set forth a theory of legitimate government, then demonstrated how far British rule had strayed from that ideal. But their argument served not simply to discredit British rule; in addition, it set the course for future Americangovernment. Indeed, for more than two centuries the ringing phrases of the Declaration have inspired countless millions around the world. Appealing to all mankind, the Declaration’s seminal passage opens with perhaps the most important line in the document: “We hold these Truths to be self-evident.” Grounded in reason, “self- evident” truths invoke the long tradition of natural law, which holds...
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