GOVERNMENT Study Guide Exam # 3
1. The biblical key principle in regards to the duty of magistrates relative to those they govern is the righteous relationship between Rulers and Ruled - Civil Rulers are to Rule justly and in the fear of the Lord. Also Rulers, no matter their rank or station, must rule justly.
2. The origin ofcivil government is that the civil government is divinely instituted by God as judge and servant to restrain sin and protect virtue.
3. The overarching purpose of civil government is the administration of justice and ordered liberty in a fallen word: civil government administers law.
4. The narrative of Naboth’s vineyard indicate that civilauthority is limited and under law by saying it was wrong for the king or to take somebody’s property.
5. In regards to the relationship between rulers and ruled, the significance of Matthew 20: 20-27 is to show the story of how Jesus said that whoever wishes to become great among you shall be your servant, and whoever wishes to be first among you shall be your slave.
6. The Bible portray the just use of civil power in regards to judges, or those who judge the people of Israel by these words : “Do not pervert justice, do not show partiality to the poor or favoritism to the great, but judge your neighbor fairly. Do not be afraid of anyone, for judgment belongs to God. Bring me any case too hard for you, and I will hear it.”
8. The Scriptures recognize a heavenly citizenship means that you are not citizen of the world, you cannot have law without nation, you should not just obey your country but you should love and show loyalty to it. citizenship is ultimately in heaven.
9. A nation like a large house-hold is that your are duty bound inan earthly way and your nearest neighbor is not just your family but also your fellow countryman.
10. A key obligation of a citizen of a country is to seek the welfare of your country, issues of covenant, allegiance, and loyalty. You are not citizens of the world!
11. By “seek the welfare of your country” it means educate others on theprovidence of God in your country. That does mean to tell others what God has done for your country. It also means to practice self-government to sustain a godly national character and promote liberty institutions.
12. We can participate in civil government by electing men of righteous quality.
13. A Christian’s (or anyone else’s forthat matter) duties to the Civil Authorities is to choose leaders who are self-governing, who have a heart of integrity and who will pursue justice. It is also to practice vigilance or watchfulness and finally to practice righteous obedience to the State.
14. Civil disobedience is when citizens may lawfully disobey - never submit to the point where you violate your conscience orbow your heart to a slavish submission which violates your design (when the state commands what God forbids and when the state forbids what God commands).
Daniel 2-3 exemplify this when his friends (Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego) refused to bow down to the Idol of Nebuchadnezzar and subsequently honored by God for their faithfulness.
1.Individuals differ in their policy position, or positions on key life-issues because people have different worldview. Different perspectives on life will result in different principles, and therefore different policies.
2. The presuppositional differences between Liberals and Conservatives in regards to human nature is that Liberals think that humans are fundamentally “good,” and can be perfected...
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